Animals of the world, Common European Viper

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  • A venomous snake,  with a pair of long, hollow, venom-injecting fangs attached to movable bones of the upper jaw
  • In several European countries, it is notable as being the only native venomous snake
  • Adults usually grow to 60 cm (24 in) in total length (including tail), with an average of 55 cm (22 in). Maximum size varies by region. The largest, at over 90 cm (35 in), are found in Scandinavia
  • The colour ranges from light grey to brownish, brownish black and black. Underneath its usually dark coloured.  Most have some kind of zigzag dorsal pattern down the entire length of their bodies and tails
  • The Viper is found in both mountains and plains, preferably in dry, hot places
  • It likes to sunbathe
  • The Viper usually hunts in warmer days.
  • In colder regions, like in Scandinavia, it hibernates in the winter – usually several animals together.
  • Adult animals live from different smaller vertebrates, mice, birds, lizards, toads and more, which are killed momentarily by the venomous teeth.
  • A bit is rarely life-threatening, but the patient should as soon as possible seek medical treatment and be subjected to the least amount of effort before reaching a doctor.
  •  It can be found across the Eurasian landmass; from northwestern Europe across southern Europe and Eastern Europe to north of the Arctic Circle, and Russia to the Pacific Ocean. It is found further north than any other snake species


References;, Wikipedia,,,,,

Animals of the world, Elephant

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  • The largest living terrestrial animal
  • Elephants trunk is a fusion of the nose and upper lip, although, in early fetal life, the upper lip and trunk are separated. The trunk is elongated and specialised to become the elephant’s most important and versatile appendage. Elephant trunks have multiple functions, including breathing, olfaction, touching, grasping, and sound production. The animal’s sense of smell may be four times as sensitive as that of a bloodhound. The trunk’s ability to make powerful twisting and coiling movements allows it to collect food, wrestle with other elephants, and lift up to 350 kg (770 lb.
  • It has four toes on each foot
  • An elephant’s skin is generally very tough, at 2.5 cm (1 in) thick on the back and parts of the head. The skin is scattered with stiff hairs.
  • Elephants are herbivorous, they eat a daily amount of food, which is equivalent to four percent of their body weight.
  • Elephants can suck up water with their trunk both to drink and to spray on their bodies
  •  Elephants have long lifespans, reaching 60–70 years of age. Animals over 80 years are rare. Lin Wang, a captive male Asian elephant, lived for 86 years
  • The elephants thrive in damp heat, they swim easily, run fast and make long walks.
  • Elephants live in groups with adult males, or in family groups led by an old female. The family group consists of closely related females and their young offspring (calves). The social ties are very strong, and the animals often show behaviour that indicates cooperation. Adult males usually hold together in small flocks that are constantly changing in size and composition, and where social ties are weak.
  • Size is the determining factor in agonistic encounters when the individuals have the same condition. In contests between musth and non-musth individuals, musth bulls win the majority of the time, even when the non-musth bull is larger
  • The oldest elephant species, Moeritherium, are known from early in the tertiary (Eocene, 55-50 million years ago) in Africa, including Egypt. The Moeritherium was the size of a tapir, lacking a trunk, but had extended teeth (initial support teeth) both in the upper and lower jaws


References;, Wikipedia,,,,,


Animals of the world, Giraffe

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giraff (440x640)

  • Inhabits savannahs and woodlands in Africa
  • several subspecies
  • Worlds tallest land-living animal. Average height 4,3-5,7 meters (14.1–18.7 ft)
  • Usually white, cream or light brownish coat with dark blotches or patches
  • both males and females have prominent hornlike structures
  •  Their food source is leaves, fruits, and flowers of woody plants, primarily acacia species. Eats 16-20 hours a day.  It`s a ruminant animal with four compartments to the stomach.
  • good vision, weak sense of smell
  • blueish/black tongue about 45 cm (18 in) long
  • gather in groups of 10-44 animals, open and ever-changing composition. More recent studies have found that giraffes do have long-term social associations and may form groups or pairs based on kinship, sex or other factors
  • Giraffe gestation lasts 400–460 days. When born the baby is approximately 2-meter (6,5 ft) tall
  • very peaceable
  • The giraffe roman name Camelopardalis means leopard-coloured camel
  • can run up to  50-60 km/t (31-37 mph)
  • Necking is used to establish dominance,  the combatants will spread their front legs and swing their necks at each other, attempting to land blows with their horns.
  • Defend itself by kicking its front legs. They may be preyed on by lions, leopards, spotted hyenas, and African wild dogs and a kick can potentially kill them.
  • A giraffe has only two gaits: walking and galloping
  • usually silent but it may snort or make a flute-like sound.  During nighttime, giraffes appear to hum to each other above the infrasound range for purposes which are unclear.
  • has an unusually long lifespan compared to other ruminants, average 20-25 years in the wild.
  • its blood pressure is 2-3 times higher than humans to be able to pump blood to its head.
  • Giraffes sometimes lie down with their legs are folded under the body. But standing up is quite a task! To rise, they swing their neck back, and forwards take the weight of either front- or back legs. Since getting up is so awkward, the giraffe mostly sleeps standing.


References;, Wikipedia,,,,,

The ant king and Heffanutt 12, Restless

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Heffanutt finds his friend in the garden staring out in the air. He tries to talk to The ant king several times before he hears him. The ant king takes a deep breath and turns to Heffanutt. «I have to leave». Heffanutt wonders where he is going, but he doesn`t know. «You see, I know in which direction I`m heading, but I never know where it`s going to lead me». «If I stay too long in one place. it`s like I`m burning up inside».

Heffanutt doesn`t understand that someone can be so restless, he has his home where he has lived all his life, his garden. Heffanutt hates goodbyes even if he knows that he`s going to see his friend again. «I`ll come back before winter and stay with you at least until spring» The ant king promises.

The ant king and Heffanutt Farvel


An hour later Heffanutt follows The ant king with his eyes, seeing his friend walk further and further away. The ant king turns around one last time, waves and disappears into the dark woods.