Animals of the world, Dolphin

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dolphin (640x358)

  • Dolphins belong to the mammal family Delphinidae
  • Dolphins can live in either fresh or salt water.
  • Dolphins have torpedo shaped bodies with generally non-flexible necks, limbs modified into flippers, a tail fin, and bulbous heads.
  • Depending on the species, dolphins range in colour from white, pearl, and pink to darker shades of brown, grey, blue, and black
  • Dolphins range in size from the 1.7 m (5.6 ft) long and 50 kg (110 lbs) Maui`s dolphin to the 9.5 m (31 ft) and 10 t (11 short tons) killer whale
  • Dolphins live in groups of 5 to 15 individuals. They have a very loosely structured lifestyle and freely socialize among many different groups
  • Dolphins show various types of playing behavior, often including objects, self-made bubble rings, other dolphins or other animals
  • All dolphins make sounds that travel underwater, bounce off something, and then return to the dolphins as echoes. This sophisticated echolocation allows dolphins to find food or avoid predators, even in dark or murky water
  • Dolphins consume a variety of prey including fish, squid, and crustaceans
  • Dolphins have several highly developed forms of communication. They have a “signature whistle” which allows other individuals to recognize them. Bottlenose dolphins have a strong memory when it comes to these signature whistles, as they are able to relate to a signature whistle of an individual they have not encountered for over twenty years
  • Dolphins can jump as high as 20 feet out of the water

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