Animals of the world, Red Squirrel

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  • Red squirrels are found across much of Europe and northern Asia
  • The red squirrel has a typical head-and-body length of 19 to 23 cm (7.5 to 9 in)
  • The red squirrel is a small squirrel with reddish to reddish-grey fur on top and a white or cream underside.
  • Its curved front claws and powerful hind legs make it a very good climber and jumper!
  • They spend almost all of their time in the tree canopy and rarely come down to the ground
  • The squirrel makes a nest out of twigs in a branch-fork, this is lined with moss leaves, grass, and bark
  • The seeds of various trees make up a large part of their diet. Aside from trees they feed on a variety of flowers, shoots, bulbs, and buds in the spring and fruit, berries and fungi in the autumn
  • When a squirrel eats a cone, it works its way from the bottom up, normally leaving the top of the cone intact as these seeds are smaller and not worth the effort
  • Food that is stashed in the fall is later dug up for winter and spring time meals. Red squirrels have a firm grasp on food storage. Using tree cavities or dens as their own pantries
  • The red squirrel may migrate short distances when food supplies are low.
  • Because the ankle joints are flexible and can be rotated, squirrels can rapidly descend trees headfirst
  • The tail of a red squirrel is primarily used for balance and steering as the animal jumps from tree to tree in wooded areas. It may also keep the animal warm during sleep
  • The red squirrel is most active in the early morning and the late afternoon
  • Predators include small mammals such as the pine marten, wildcats and the stoat. They have a life expectancy of 3 years. Individuals may reach 7 years of age.

 

References; Nationalgeographic.com, Wikipedia, Britannica.com, BBC.com, Australiangeographic.com, Birdlife.org.au,worldwildlife.com

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