Animals of the world, Elephant

Animals of the world, Cartoon,imagination,writing,drawing,illustrations,The ant king and Heffanutt, The ant king and Heffanutt

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  • The largest living terrestrial animal
  • Elephants trunk is a fusion of the nose and upper lip, although, in early fetal life, the upper lip and trunk are separated. The trunk is elongated and specialised to become the elephant’s most important and versatile appendage. Elephant trunks have multiple functions, including breathing, olfaction, touching, grasping, and sound production. The animal’s sense of smell may be four times as sensitive as that of a bloodhound. The trunk’s ability to make powerful twisting and coiling movements allows it to collect food, wrestle with other elephants, and lift up to 350 kg (770 lb.
  • It has four toes on each foot
  • An elephant’s skin is generally very tough, at 2.5 cm (1 in) thick on the back and parts of the head. The skin is scattered with stiff hairs.
  • Elephants are herbivorous, they eat a daily amount of food, which is equivalent to four percent of their body weight.
  • Elephants can suck up water with their trunk both to drink and to spray on their bodies
  •  Elephants have long lifespans, reaching 60–70 years of age. Animals over 80 years are rare. Lin Wang, a captive male Asian elephant, lived for 86 years
  • The elephants thrive in damp heat, they swim easily, run fast and make long walks.
  • Elephants live in groups with adult males, or in family groups led by an old female. The family group consists of closely related females and their young offspring (calves). The social ties are very strong, and the animals often show behaviour that indicates cooperation. Adult males usually hold together in small flocks that are constantly changing in size and composition, and where social ties are weak.
  • Size is the determining factor in agonistic encounters when the individuals have the same condition. In contests between musth and non-musth individuals, musth bulls win the majority of the time, even when the non-musth bull is larger
  • The oldest elephant species, Moeritherium, are known from early in the tertiary (Eocene, 55-50 million years ago) in Africa, including Egypt. The Moeritherium was the size of a tapir, lacking a trunk, but had extended teeth (initial support teeth) both in the upper and lower jaws

 

References; Nationalgeographic.com, Wikipedia, Britannica.com, BBC.com, Australiangeographic.com, Birdlife.org.au,worldwildlife.com

 

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